Those would be the papers that first introduced a problem, a concept, an approach.
What time span of research will you consider? Choose an area of research that is due for a review. What methodologies do they use? Develop a Working Thesis Write a one or two sentence statement summarizing the conclusion you have reached about the major trends and developments you see in the research that has been done on your subject.
Write the Body of the Paper Follow the plan you have developed above, making certain that each section links logically to the one before and after, and that you have divided your sections by themes or subtopics, not by reporting the work of individual theorists or researchers.
This is one of the most common problems with student literature reviews. For example, look at the following two passages and note that Student A is merely describing the literature and Student B takes a more analytical and evaluative approach, by comparing and contrasting.
You can also see that this evaluative approach is well signalled by linguistic markers indicating logical connections words such as "however," "moreover" and phrases such as "substantiates the claim that," which indicate supporting evidence and Student B's ability to synthesize knowledge.
Smith concludes that personal privacy in their living quarters is the most important factor in nursing home residents' perception of their autonomy.
He suggests that the physical environment in the more public spaces of the building did not have much impact on their perceptions.
Neither the layout of the building, nor the activities available seem to make much difference. Jones and Johnstone make the claim that the need to control one's environment is a fundamental need of lifeand suggest that the approach of most institutions, which is to provide total care, may be as bad as no care at all.
If people have no choices or think that they have none, they become depressed. After studying residents and staff from two intermediate care facilities in Calgary, Alberta, Smith came to the conclusion that except for the amount of personal privacy available to residents, the physical environment of these institutions had minimal if any effect on their perceptions of control autonomy.
However, French and Haroon found that availability of private areas is not the only aspect of the physical environment that determines residents' autonomy. Haroon interviewed residents from 32 different nursing homes known to have different levels of autonomy It was found that physical structures, such as standardized furniture, heating that could not be individually regulated, and no possession of a house key for residents limited their feelings of independence.
Moreover, Hopewho interviewed residents from various nursing homes, substantiates the claim that characteristics of the institutional environment such as the extent of resources in the facility, as well as its location, are features which residents have indicated as being of great importance to their independence.
Revising and Editing Your Work Read your work out loud.
That way you will be better able to identify where you need punctuation marks to signal pauses or divisions within sentences, where you have made grammatical errors, or where your sentences are unclear Since the purpose of a literature review is to demonstrate that the writer is familiar with the important professional literature on the chosen subject, check to make certain that you have covered all of the important, up-to-date, and pertinent texts.
In the sciences and some of the social sciences it is important that your literature be quite recent; this is not so important in the humanities Make certain that all of the citations and references are correct and that you are referencing in the appropriate style for your discipline.
If you are uncertain which style to use, ask your professor Check to make sure that you have not plagiarized either by failing to cite a source of information, or by using words quoted directly from a source.
Usually if you take three or more words directly from another source, you should put those words within quotation marks, and cite the page.Integrative Review Considered a form of research that reviews, critiques, and synthesizes representative literature on a topic in an integrated way such that new frameworks and perspectives on the topic are generated.
The body of literature includes all studies that address related or identical hypotheses. Residencies, readings, author tours, writing workshops, conferences, and literary festivals.
Podcasts, radio, video, and/or media endeavors that promote literature. Innovative uses of technology, media, or new models to provide readers with access to writers and literature.
A literature review is a discursive essay that critically surveys existing scholarship on a particular topic in the field. A literature review essay is a required part of a dissertation.
A literature review essay is a required part of a dissertation. The purpose is to place research in a historical context to show familiarity with state-of-the-art developments and to identify the likely directions for future research.
Methodological Review Writing Your Literature Review. Once you've settled on how to organize your literature review, you're ready to write each section. When writing .
Literature Review: Conducting & Writing. This guide will provide research and writing tips to help students complete a literature review assignment.
Sample Lit Reviews from Communication Arts; Have an exemplary literature review? Get Help! Sample Lit Reviews from Communication Arts. This book was instrumental in helping me to write my literature review for my senior capstone course over the past 16 weeks.
The checklist at the end of the book was truly helpful. This is a book to keep for future writing of literature reviews/5().