Forced to remain on the island, French sailors took over the government from the Martiniquan people and established a collaborationist Vichy regime. In the face of economic distress and isolation under the blockadethey instituted an oppressive regime; Fanon described them as taking off their masks and behaving like "authentic racists.
As Fanon sees it, the impulse to defend, re-discover, and tout their cultural roots is both essential to creating a national culture in the present, but also to the well-being of the individual person. In the case of Africa and people of African descentthough, fighting colonial lies has necessarily taken on a continental character rather than a national one even including African-Americans in the first gathering of the African Cultural Society inand a Pan-African movement was born.
But Fanon sees this cultural movement as limited, first because it is too diffuse to respond to the quite different local struggles occurring simultaneously in Senegal vs.
Fanon then turns to the stages of development in the cultural worker: But, Fanon critiques, you show culture through the struggle itself, not through trumpeting culture of the past.
In so doing, artists and intellectuals miss the seething present out of which real movement is born and enacted. Cultural struggle without political support and out-in-the-streets struggle is empty.
In the second half of the essay, Fanon turns to consider the reciprocal position between the actual struggle for freedom and the expression of national culture.
Fanon asserts that culture grows as the movement toward struggle grows, as the awakening of a sleeping giant may be evidenced by an increased stirring and a quickening of the heart rate. The pinnacle of this cultural expression is in the struggle for nationhood itself.On National Culture It is not enough to write a revolutionary hymn to be a part of African revolution, one has to join with the people to make this revolu.
In it Fanon analyzes the role of class, race, national culture and violence in the struggle for national liberation.
The book includes an article which focuses on the ideas of violence and decolonization. Richard L. W. Clarke LITS Notes 12C FRANTZ FANON “ON NATIONAL CULTURE” () Fanon, Frantz.
The Wretched of the Earth. Trans. Constance Farrington.
New York: but the ideas that he expresses and the preoccupations he is taken up with have no common yardstick to measure5/5(1). Performing the Past, Spring , Lecture 10 1 Fanon, “On National Culture” student of Aimé Césaire in Martinique assimilation; negritude later serves in French Army, university education in France.
National CultureCulture, in this sense, includes systems of values; and values are among the building blocks of metin2sell.comgh national culture grows with generations, but still stabilising in patterns across generations using some mechanisms 7.
Frantz Fanon was born in the French colony of Martinique on July 20, His family occupied a social position within Martinican society that could reasonably qualify them as part of the black bourgeoisie; Frantz’s father, Casimir Fanon, was a customs inspector and his mother, Eléanore Médélice, owned a hardware store in downtown Fort-de .