Contact Author The effects of a tsunami are devastating. Tsunami damage is first caused by the immense force of the tidal wave hitting the shoreline.
Full Answer A tsunami is a series of large waves created by an undersea earthquake, landslide, or volcanic eruption.
When the position of the ocean floor shifts abruptly as a result of one of these events, water becomes displaced, causing the waves that can grow to become a tsunami.
Tsunamis can move at up to miles per hour, making them able to cross an ocean in less than a day.
When a tsunami hits land, the trough of the wave, or the area of the wave below the highest point often reaches land first. This causes the water level at the coast to recede suddenly before the tsunami hits.
The waves often come in a series after the initial wave, a phenomenon called a wave train. Tsunamis do not always appear as a series of large waves, sometimes instead presenting as a sudden, forceful rising of water levels. Small and undetectable tsunamis occur almost every day with little to no effect, appearing as fast moving strong tides, but larger tsunamis have devastating effects to life and land that are often irreversible.
The central effect of large tsunamis is massive loss of human life. With no time to escape, tsunamis cause near instant death, usually by drowning, but also by collapsing buildings, electrocution and other causes.
Sincetsunamis have killed more thanpeople. The severe flooding that occurs as a result of a tsunami also damages sewer systems, water supplies, and soil. Stagnant and contaminated water leads to malaria and other diseases, causing illness, infection, and death to spread rapidly.
Soil becomes salinized from sea water and debris, affecting long-term yields of crops. The tall and fast-moving waves also damage property and permanently alter the landscape, sometimes wiping out entire islands.
They destroy everything in their path, including buildings, trees, power lines, bridges, cars, boats and more, leaving behind them a mass of solid waste and debris that is almost impossible to clean up. They also destroy animal life, insects, plants, and natural resources.
|In Februaryscientists revised the estimate of the magnitude to 9.|
|Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami - Wikipedia||Earthquake A seismogram recorded in MassachusettsUSA A visual depiction of the type of faulting that caused the main tremor, low-angle thrusting on a west-dipping fault plane The 9. One of the first major foreshocks was a 7.|
|Hundreds of hikers rescued after earthquake Palu, Indonesia CNN Mass graves were dug Monday as Indonesian authorities rushed to bury hundreds of people killed by an earthquake and tsunami that cracked streets, tore down buildings and washed away homes on the island of Sulawesi.|
|Tsunami - Wikipedia||This raw video footage from Thailand shows the the moment the tsunami hit, and the chaos that came after. The footage first shows tourists enjoying their time while on vacation, spending time on the beach and enjoying the sun.|
Hazardous materials and toxic substances are also a concern, as asbestos, oil, fuel, and other industrial raw materials and chemicals often leak as a result of property damage. After a tsunami sweeps through an area, the communities that were affected often need both immediate and long term help.
Rescue teams traverse the affected area searching for people who have become trapped in their homes or under debris, and the governments of other nations often provide aid in the form of funds and supplies.
Reconstruction efforts are often lengthy and costly, as help is needed to rebuild infrastructure, clear rubble from collapsed structures, and demolish any buildings that are unsafe to enter.
These clean up efforts can take years, and significantly hurt the economy of the affected area.A tsunami can kill or injure people and damage or destroy buildings and infrastructure as waves come in and go out. A tsunami is a series of enormous ocean waves caused by earthquakes, underwater landslides, volcanic eruptions, or asteroids.
Tsunamis can:Travel miles per hour with waves feet metin2sell.com flooding and disrupt . A tsunami (from Japanese: The Indian Ocean tsunami was among the deadliest natural disasters in human history, with at least , people killed or Kanji: 津波.
Sep 30, · Mass graves were dug Monday to bury hundreds of people killed in an earthquake and tsunami that have devastated the Indonesian island of Sulawesi, as aid started reaching hungry survivors. People in Japan also received texted alerts of the earthquake and tsunami warnings on their cellphones.
Deaths The number of confirmed deaths is 15, as of June 10, , according to the. One of the biggest and worst effects of a tsunami is the cost to human life because unfortunately escaping a tsunami is nearly impossible. Hundreds and thousands of people are killed by tsunamis. Since alone, tsunamis have been responsible for the loss of more than , lives.
The tsunami that struck Japan in March left a total of 18, people killed and/or missing. The severe flooding that occurs as a result of a tsunami also damages sewer systems, water supplies, and soil.