If there is a moral to be found in this story, it is to be discovered by considering the treatment of death and the role it plays in the last few days and weeks of As the title of this poignant story suggests, death is a major preoccupation of this tale and Tolstoy uses it to explore his own feelings of death and how a man can die well and be at peace with himself.
In the midst of their visit, the two of them get into an argument about whether the city or the peasant lifestyle is preferable.
The elder sister suggests that city life boasts better clothes, good things to eat and drink, and various entertainments, such as the theater. The younger sister replies that though peasant life may be rough, she and her husband are free, will always have enough to eat, and are not tempted by the devil to indulge in such worldly pursuits.
Pahom, the husband of the younger sister, enters the debate and suggests that the charm of the peasant life is that the peasant has no time to let nonsense settle in his head.
The one drawback of peasant life, he declares, is that the peasant does not have enough land: His fellow peasants try to arrange the purchase for themselves as part of a commune, but the devil sows discord among them and individual peasants begin to buy land.
Pahom obtains forty acres of his own. This pleases him initially, but soon neighboring peasants allow their cows to stray into his meadows and their horses among his corn, and he must seek justice from the district court. Not only does he fail to receive recompense for the damages but also he ruins his reputation among his former friends and neighbors; his extra land does not bring him security.
Hearing a rumor about more and better farmland elsewhere, he decides to sell his land and move his family to a new location. There he obtains acres and is ten times better off than he was before, and he is very pleased.
However, he soon realizes that he could make a better profit with more land on which to sow wheat. He makes a deal to obtain thirteen hundred acres from a peasant in financial difficulty for one thousand rubles and has all but clinched it when he hears a rumor about the land of the Bashkirs.
There, a tradesman tells him, a man can obtain land for less than a penny an acre, simply by making friends with the chiefs. Fueled by the desire for more, cheaper, and better land, Pahom seeks directions for the land of the Bashkirs and leaves on a journey to obtain the land that he thinks he needs.
On arrival, he distributes gifts to the Bashkir leaders and finds them courteous and friendly. He explains his reasons for being there and, after some deliberation, they offer him whatever land he wants for one thousand rubles.
The Bashkirs agree to this arrangement, and a deal is struck. Pahom can have all the land that he can walk around in a day for one thousand rubles.
The one condition is that if he does not return on the same day to the spot at which he began, the money will be lost. The night before his fateful walk, Pahom plans his strategy; he will try to encircle thirty-five miles of land and then sell the poorer land to peasants at a profit.
When he awakes the next day, he is met by the man whom he thought was the chief of the Bashkirs, but whom he recognizes as the peasant who had come to his old home to tell him of lucrative land deals available elsewhere. He looks again, and realizes that he is speaking with the devil himself.
He dismisses this meeting as merely a dream and goes about his walk. Pahom starts well, but he tries to encircle too much land, and by midday he realizes that he has tried to create too big a circuit.Faith Integration on Family and Intimate Relationships - “F.A.M.I.L.Y” people who are bonded together through love.
It is a relationship that cannot be broken through the sunshine and rain, living together under one roof, everyone taking care of each other; from the youngest to the oldest.
Leo Tolstoy’s tale of Ivan Ilyich begins with his death at age forty-five, which is reported by his law colleagues, who read about his demise in the newspaper. Count Leo Tolstoy was born on September 9, , in Yasnaya Polyana, metin2sell.comed at nine, he was brought up by an elderly aunt and educated by French tutors until he matriculated at Kazan University in "The Death of Ivan Ilyich" () can be compared with "A Christmas Carol" () by Charles Dickens, a writer Tolstoy admired.
In the story by Dickens the greedy, selfish Ebenezer Scrooge goes.
Finds The Death of Ivan Ilyich to be more intense and focused than other works by the author. Orwin, Donna Trilling, ed.
The Cambridge Companion to Tolstoy. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, A collection of essays on Tolstoy’s major works.
Rowe, William W. Leo Tolstoy. Boston: Twayne, Leo Tolstoy: Leo Tolstoy, Russian author, a master of realistic fiction and one of the world’s greatest novelists. Tolstoy is best known for his two longest works, War and Peace (–69) and Anna Karenina (–77), which are commonly regarded as among the finest novels ever written.
War and Peace in.