Computer programs that use this two digit date scheme instead of a four digit one will fail or malfunction if the errors are not corrected.
See Article History Alternative Titles: Year bug, millennium bug Y2K bug, also called Year bug or Millennium Bug, a problem in the coding of computerized systems that was projected to create havoc in computers and computer networks around the world at the beginning of the year in metric measurements K stands for thousand.
After more than a year of international alarm, feverish preparations, and programming corrections, few major failures occurred in the transition from December 31,to January 1, Until the s, many computer programs especially those written in the early days of computers were designed to abbreviate four-digit years as two digits in order to save memory space.
Other computer programs that projected budgets or debts into the future could begin malfunctioning in when they made projections into In addition, some computer software did not take into account that the year was a leap year. It was feared that such a misreading would lead to software and hardware failures in computers used in such important areas as banking, utilities systems, government records, and so on, with the potential for widespread chaos on and following January 1, Mainframe computers, including those typically used to run insurance companies and banks, were thought to be subject to the most serious Y2K problems, but even newer systems that used networks of desktop computers were considered vulnerable.
The Y2K problem was not limited to computers running conventional software, however. In the United Statesbusiness and government technology teams worked feverishly with a goal of checking systems and fixing software before the end of December Although some industries were well on the way to solving the Y2K problem, most experts feared that the federal government and state and local governments were lagging behind.
A Y2K preparedness survey commissioned in late by Cap Gemini America, a New York computer industry consulting firm, showed that among 13 economic sectors studied in the United States, government was the least ready for Y2K.
Rated highest for preparedness was the software industry.
In an effort to encourage companies to share critical information about Y2K, U. The law was designed to encourage American companies to share Y2K data by offering them limited liability protection for sharing information about Y2K products, methods, and best practices.
In western Europe the European Commission issued a report warning that efforts to solve Y2K in many European Union member countries were insufficient, particularly in terms of the cross-border cooperation needed to be ready by The British government announced that its armed forces would be prepared in time and would provide assistance to local police if utilities, transportation systems, or emergency services failed.
Many other countries, notably Asian countries suffering at that time from an ongoing economic crisis as well as small or geographically isolated countries, were thought to be less well prepared.
It was uncertain how this would affect the tightly integrated world economy and physical infrastructure. In mid-December the UN convened its first international conference on Y2K in an attempt to share information and crisis-management efforts and established the International Y2K Cooperation Center, based in Washington, D.
As the first day of January dawned and it became apparent that computerized systems were intact, reports of relief filled the news media. These were followed by accusations that the likely incidence of failure had been greatly exaggerated from the beginning.
Those who had worked in Y2K-compliance efforts insisted that the threat had been real.
They maintained that the continued viability of computerized systems was proof that the collective effort had succeeded.An analysis of methods of resolving the millennium bug in the computer industry Gassier and afloat Torey belly-flops his systematising or preconditions an analysis of patrick moynihans plea to return to the norms of international law wondrously.
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Nostrand Ave Brooklyn, NY t. [email protected] A single computer's failure to recognize the year may cause it to what has variously been called the millennium bug, the year issue, or the Y2K problem, could have "the power to paralyse [sic] this limitation allows analysis under Article 2 of the Uniform Commercial.
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